Keeping Your Ground Water Safe
A Brief Guide
How To Do It
General Rules for Wells
Step 1: Keep Clean Water Clean
- Slope the ground around the well head so that surface water drains away from the well head.
- Create a grass buffer zone around your well and fence off if needed to avoid animals or vehicles from approaching too close.
- Keep the area around your well free from sources of E.coli bacteria such as animal or kitchen waste, garbage and other decaying organic materials.
- Be extremely diligent in the with the storage of hazardous chemicals on your property – do not store near your well
- Do not park or store vehicles with potential fluid leaks near your well.
Step 2: Test Your Water
- Test your water for bacteria every 6 to 12 months.
- Test your water for mineral/chemical content every 2 to 5 years.
- Store test results in a safe place and monitor for changing conditions over time.
Step 3: Inspect your well seasonally
- •Inspect the well casing and cap for any cracks, damage or corrosion.
- Check for any settling or cracking of the surface seal.
- Make sure vent screens on the well cap are intact and unblocked.
- Make sure surface water is draining away from the well head.
- Make sure the well pump and distribution system including pressure tank and filters are working properly with no leaks.
Reference: Island Farm & Garden – Summer 2013